Too often, adult day services are misunderstood as being just for older people. While the people who attend some centers are often older adults, disability is not limited to older adults. Adult day services support the health, nutritional, social, and daily living needs of adults in professionally staffed, group settings. Adult day services also benefit family caregivers by enabling them to remain in the workforce as well as providing them with direct services.
What to Expect
Adult day centers offer a wide array of services to address the range of conditions and needs presented by participants and their caregivers. With more than 4,600 adult day services centers across the United States, adult day services are a growing source of long-term care. Adult day services centers serve as an emerging provider of transitional care and short-term rehabilitation following hospital discharge.
Adult day programs are designed to help adults receive the services they need without having to reside in a long term care facility. Along with easier access to necessary support, adult day programs offer the opportunity to establish relationships and connections between those who attend adult day centers, their families and those who work in adult day centers. Connections and relationships are essential ingredients to overcoming loneliness and feelings of isolation, which can intensify the impact of disease and disability.
The physical environment and the program design of adult day services provide safety and structure for participants. The center staff builds relationships and creates a culture that supports, involves, and validates the participant, which forms the framework in which therapeutic activities, health monitoring, and all the services offered by the center occur. All therapeutic components of adult day services (meals, activities, interactions with staff and other participants, personal care, nursing and therapies) are reinforced by the warm, caring affective tone of the center.
Who Uses the Service
More than ever, adult day services participants have higher levels of chronic conditions and disease, such as
- Dementia (47%)
- Hypertension (46%)
- Physical disability (42%)
- Cardiovascular disease (34%)
- Diabetes (31%)
- Mental illness (25%)
- Developmental disability (20%)
- Stroke (14%)
- Parkinson’s disease (6%)
- Cancer (6%)
- Traumatic Brain Injury (4%).
Transitional care and short-term rehabilitation have become increasingly common for persons utilizing adult day services. Adult day services centers are well positioned to provide important “step down” medical care such as nursing, rehabilitation and transitional support after a hospital stay. Cost for this type of support is likely lower than institutional care. Adult day services are an essential source of support for family caregivers. Over 80% of participants attend full days and 46% attend five days per week, enabling family caregivers to remain in the workforce. The centers provide a reliable source of support, restore balance in times of crisis, and enhance overall quality of life for caregivers.
Who makes referrals to adult day services centers
- Physicians, nurses and other medical professionals
- Case Managers and Hospital Discharge Planners
- Area Agencies on Aging
- Community Social Service Agencies, (e.g. Mental Health, Medicaid, Adult Protective Services)
- Businesses and employers
- Friends and families
For more information about adult day services, contact us.